New Generation Publishing



Easy, Hands On Electronics Books



Second Edition



A Practical Handbook to

Analog Electronics




Copyright 2005, 2012 -2nd edition by Alireza H. Fassih



All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, xerography, recording, or by incorporating into any information storage or retrieval system, without the written permission from the author. Making copies of any part of this book for any purpose is a violation of United States copyright laws.


The author or the publisher does not warrant the accuracy of the materials in this book. Neither the author nor the publisher is liable or responsible for any damages or injuries

as a result of using the materials in this book directly or indirectly.



Visit our web site at

Printed in the United States of America



ISBN 978-0-9776054-8-4 / 0-9776054-8-5





The main purpose of this handbook is a HANDS-ON APPROACH in learning analog circuits.

In each section, an analog component is introduced and then a software/hardware circuit will follow. The software circuit can be implemented by electronic circuit design and simulation software such as Multisim .


The main goal of this handbook is to create a vast visualization of the working function of the analog electronics circuitries. Based on my experience in teaching electronics, students had more problems with setting up the hardware circuits than software circuits. Therefore, one of my main intentions in writing this handbook is to guide the students through setting up a complete wiring of the circuits.


This handbook is a COMPREHENSIVE COVERAGE of the practical working of the analog circuits and can be used as analog electronics textbook/lab manual in analog electronics course.








Chapter 1: Diodes



1.1         Ideal Diode


1.2         Silicon Diode


1.3         Light-Emitting Diode (LED)


1.4         Zener Diode



Chapter 2: Diode Applications



2.1       Half-Wave Rectifier


2.2       Full-Wave Rectifier


2.3       Full-Wave Bridge Rectifier


2.4       Capacitor-Input Filter


2.5       Power Supply


2.6       Positive and Negative Clippers


2.7 Positive and Negative Clampers


Chapter 3: Transistors



3.1         NPN Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT)


3.2         NPN Bipolar Junction Transistor as a Switch


3.3         NPN Bipolar Junction Transistor as an Amplifier


3.4         N-Channel Junction Field Effect Transistor (JFET)


3.5 N-Channel JFET as a Switch


3.6 N-Channel JFET as a Constant Current Source


3.7 N-Channel JFET as an Amplifier


3.8 N-Channel Metal-Oxide Semiconductor FET (MOSFET)


3.8.1 N-Channel Depletion-Mode Metal-Oxide Semiconductor FET (D-MOSFET)

3.8.2 N-Channel Enhancement-Mode Metal-Oxide Semiconductor FET (E-MOSFET)


3.9 N-Channel E-MOSFET as a Switch



Chapter 4: Operational Amplifiers



4.1         The 741 Operational Amplifier (Op Amp)


4.2         Comparator


4.3         Non-inverting Amplifier


4.4         Inverting Amplifier


4.5         Summing Amplifier


4.6 Differential Amplifier



Chapter 5:Timer And Its Applications



5.1         The 555 Timer


5.2         The 555 Timer in an Astable Multivibrator circuit


5.3         The 555 Timer in a Monostable Multivibrator circuit


5.4 The 555 Timer in a Voltage-Controlled Oscillator circuit



Chapter 6: Voltage Regulator




6.1         LM78XX Fixed Voltage Regulator


6.2 LM317 Variable Voltage Regulator